The convergence between devices is the order of the day, and have demonstrated companies like Microsoft. Meanwhile, embraced this idea with the Unity desktop environment and with Ubuntu Phone. After the failure of Unity on the desktop and the lack of support in the mobile environment. The British firm has decided to end these two projects. Ubuntu 18.04 leaves Unity and re-bets on GNOME.
In 2011, Ubuntu inaugurated Unity as a desktop environment that would bet on the convergence between devices a few years later with Ubuntu Phone. The Linux distribution for mobile Ubuntu Phone stood out for the use of Unity adapted to these screens. But lacked the applications used today for both consumers and companies.
Mark Shuttleworth explains the reasons for Unity’s failure
The criticisms, on the one hand, of the users after the incorporation of this environment in 2011. Already showed the possibility of failure on the desktop. And so it has been, fragmentation and lack of innovation have been key to Unity’s failure on the desktop for low usage fee. This must be added the lack of support from companies which translates into scarce funding. As they preferred to bet on other platforms more known, such as Windows, instead of Ubuntu.
Unity, also highlights Mark Shuttleworth, who was a time in maintenance mode, without receiving new features. In addition, it should be added that what was to be the next version of Unity, number 8, has accumulated several delays from what was to be its release date, late last year. Thus, the end of Unity will be effective with the release of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, which will use GNOME as the default environment.
Still, Canonical will continue to support Unity as long as Ubuntu versions with long-term support remain within the support term. These are the ones launched in April 2014 and 2016 (14.04 and 16.04). Therefore, Unity will continue supported until 2021.
Canonical cloud and IoT get good results
Not everything is bad at Canonical. Internet of things (IoT) is a success according to Shuttleworth, as it has the community support and sufficient fields in which to operate to continue with the project. Thus, Canonical has a distribution specially designed for tasks such as robotics, networks or machine learning, this is Ubuntu Core.
As it has enough support from companies that operate under services like OpenStack for infrastructure. These Canonical services have sufficient community and business support. While earning profits and growing in use so that they can continue to dedicate resources to their development.