The anonymity of the transactions was an incentive for the world of the illicit and now the FBI and DEA spend millions of dollars unravel criminal networks.
Search engines like Google have no record that these pages exist, you find them in the ocean of information becomes very difficult.
There is another category of pages on the web Deep to which you can only get through a software special. It takes less than 5 minutes to download on a regular computer, and allows navigation through the deep waters of the Internet has a special feature: it becomes completely anonymous.
Using this software , it is very difficult for what is done in the Deep Web may be associated with an identity in the real world. That was how Ross Ulbricht built his empire in deep Internet identities are not necessary.
The Deep Web has many valid reasons to exist. In countries where there is no freedom of expression, many people communicate through forums or blogs in deep Internet for anonymous complaints against the government. In addition, the intelligence agencies also used to conduct undercover investigations. In fact, that’s how it started: in May 1996, three scientists from the Naval Research Laboratory in the United States, presented research in which they proposed a mechanism for users to access the Internet could be identified. The idea called The Onion Router (The Onion Router).
By 2003, the project was already on the Internet and could be used freely. When it came to light, its creators named TOR, the initials of the original project.
In the TOR website you say that the creators of software sought to protect netizens who were not victims of “traffic analysis”, in other words, they wanted to protect the privacy of those who sailed the web. In addition, the US government used to TOR for computer investigations and exchange information more safely.
Ironically, the space became popular among criminals and criminal activity in the Deep Web began shortly after TOR was invented. The anonymity of the transactions was an incentive for the world of the illicit and now the FBI and DEA spend millions of dollars unravel criminal networks.
One of the first records we have of sites used by criminals was The Farmer’s Market. The page is managed from the United States and focused on drug trafficking in that country. The DEA was brought down in 2012 and since then have begun to multiply online sites illegal traffic.
Roberto Lemaitre, who is a lawyer and systems engineer, says the sea analogy used to explain the levels of the information found on the Internet.
Taking this example, Google may look like a fishing boat on the web pages and, although it can achieve a lot of information, the search does not have access to all sites in the world.
Google that reaching down, a large number of pages, as Lemaître, have been divided into categories (see illustration below).
Despite this, illegal content is discovered in both the Internet and the Deep Web. “There are forums in common Internet sites and streams where people sell illegal merchandise. No need of the Deep Web to commit crimes. It is found in the depths of the Internet are less accessible and its content is mostly illegal.
There are many people who dare to navigate pages that are on the Deep Web. Entering some of these sites puts the security of the computer at risk.
“We must take into account that those who sail in these pages are, in many cases, cyber criminals. It is very dangerous.
Once inside, the deep Internet pages are very similar to the web sites of the early 90s with a single background color, text and overloaded with letters of garish colors. Most of them do not have a highly developed graphic design and concentrate all information on the site’s home page.
The interest of those who administer these spaces is to offer visitors a product or a service, which in some cases pictures are added. In a page hosted on the old Silk Road, a person sold 1,155 different types of drugs; all of them were accompanied by illustrative images in poor quality.
In the Deep Web sites that work as many are also wikis pages that can be edited by any user, and in which instructions or specific definitions. The way they function is similar to Wikipedia, but without any restrictions as to content.
“We found all kinds of wikis, from explaining how to access certain services that explain in detail how to commit a crime; rape, for example, “Medrano said.
Forums are another category of sites that can be found on the web Deep. They are useful for anonymous suggestions of people offering their services to bring down official websites or send spam. The newspaper The New York Times reported in February this year the existence of networks of hitmen that are promoted through the deep web.
The Deep Web became the ideal space for illegal sharing when bitcoins appeared on the scene.
Julio Córdoba, who did research on this subject, explains that this is a cibernáutica currency that functions as money in the digital world.The Deep Web became the ideal space for illegal sharing when bitcoins appeared on the scene.
It is said that the currency was invented in 2009 by a man known as Satoshi Nakamoto, although there are doubts that this is his real name.
According to the magazine Times , Nakamoto has said that bitcoins were needed in a historical moment in which he had to be wary of banking intermediation.Thanks to the existence of these digital coins, transactions can make money without having to give information to a bank. Thus, illegal exchanges were completed in complete anonymity.
“I just have to have a digital wallet to which is assigned a number. To deposit me bitcoins , you only need to know what that number and go. No need to give his name or mine, “Mike explains.
He adds that a network of bitcoins that verifies that the transaction was successful, but no record is kept where it goes or where the money comes from.
Currently a bitcoin is equivalent to $ 203.12. The ciberdivisa became popular in early 2013, when the financial crisis introduced as a mechanism to safeguard the value of money.
According to Cordoba, today there are exchange of bitcoins and even, in several cities in the US and Europe, ATMs have been installed to convert the value of the cash ciberdivisa.
There are probably hundreds of millionaires in the world have built their fortune from digital money.
The problem of crime on Deep Web is that identify digital villains is extremely difficult.